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NFHS-4 : Wealth Index

According to wealth index released on basis of data from fourth round of National Family and Health Survey (NFHS-4), Delhi is the richest state and Jain wealthiest community in the country.

The NFHS-4 was conducted among more than 6 lakh households in 2015-16. 

It was largest sample size and was carried out just couple of years ago that provided useful source of information in analysing India’s socio-economic landscape.

State wise wealth Distribution: 


Delhi and Punjab are richest states with over 60% of their households in the top wealth quintile. 

They are followed by Goa with 54.5% households in top bracket. 

Bihar is poorest state half of its households in the bottom quintile. 

Rajasthan has most equitable wealth distribution with similar number of households in all quintiles.

Wealth distribution in religious groups: 

Jains are the most prosperous religious community in India with 70% of its population in the top quintile. Only 1.5% of Jain households fall in lowest two quintiles. 

Sikhs follow next, with 59.6% of their people in the top wealth quintile. 

Hindus and Muslims have similar and also most equitable wealth distribution across all quintiles.

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