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UNESCO inscribes Kumbh Mela in list of Intangible Cultural Heritage


The Intergovernmental Committee for Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage under UNESCO has inscribed ´KumbhMela´ on UNESCO’s Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

The inscription of Kumbh Mela in list was undertaken during UNESCO's 12th session of Committee held at Jeju, South Korea. 

KumbhMela is the 13th intangible cultural heritage from India to be listed in UNESCO’s list.

KumbhMela

KumbhMela is held every 12 years at four different locations of Allahabad, Nasik, Haridwar and Ujjain in rotation.

The first written evidence of the Kumbha Mela is mentioned in Bhagvat Purana

Another written evidence of Kumbha Mela is in works of Huen Tsang, who visited India in 629–645 AD, during reign of Harsha. 

The Samudra manthan episode also has mentioned in Bhagavata Purana, Vishnu Purana, Mahabharata, and Ramayana.

Kumbh Mela is held every third year at one of four places by rotation: Haridwar (at Ganga river), Allahabad (at the confluence of Ganga and Yamuna), Nashik (at Godavari) and Ujjain (at Shipra). 

Thus, it is held at each of these four places every twelfth year. 

Ardha Kumbha Mela, which is next in sanctity, is held only at Haridwar and Allahabad.

The largest crowd is held on Mauni Amavasya.

List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity from India

  1. Koodiyattam: Sanskrit Theatre of Kerala.
  2. Mudiyett: theatre ritual of Kerala.
  3. Tradition of Vedic Chanting.
  4. Kalbelia: folk songs and dances of Rajasthan.
  5. Ramlila: Traditional Performance of the Ramayana.
  6. Sankirtana: singing, drumming and dancing ritual of Manipur.
  7. Ramman: religious festival and ritual theatre of Garhwal Himalayas.
  8. Traditional brass and copper craft of utensil of Thatheras: Punjab.
  9. Chhau dance: classical Indian dance originated in the eastern Indian states.
  10. Buddhist chanting of Ladakh: recitation of sacred Buddhist texts in Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir.
  11. Yoga
  12. Nouroz
  13. Kumbha

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